In today's digital world, chatbots play an essential role in enhancing user experience and driving customer engagement. This comprehensive tutorial will walk you through the process of creating an AI-powered chatbot using the ChatGPT API and Next.js, a popular JavaScript framework for building server-rendered React applications. By following these steps, you'll create a functional chatbot that can be integrated into your website or application, offering seamless and intelligent interactions for your users.

Table of Contents

  1. Prerequisites
  2. Setting up the Next.js project
  3. Creating an OpenAI Account and Obtaining an API Key
  4. Installing dependencies
  5. Creating the chatbot component
  6. Creating the API route
  7. Integrating the chatbot component
  8. Running the application
  9. Conclusion


  • Familiarity with JavaScript, React, and the fundamentals of web development
  • Node.js (version 16 or higher) and npm installed on your machine
  • A ChatGPT API key (obtain one from the OpenAI API documentation)

Setting up the Next.js project

Install the Create Next App CLI tool globally, which simplifies the process of generating a new Next.js project:

npm install -g create-next-app

Create a new Next.js project called 'chatbot-app' by running the following command:

create-next-app chatbot-app

Navigate to the project directory and start the development server to ensure everything is set up correctly:

cd chatbot-app
npm run dev

Creating an OpenAI Account and Obtaining an API Key

Before you can start building your chatbot, you will need to create an OpenAI account and obtain an API key to access the ChatGPT API. Follow these steps to set up your account and get your API key:

  1. Sign up for an OpenAI account at
  2. Navigate to the "API keys" section by clicking on the "API Keys" link in the left sidebar.
  3. Locate your API key in the list of keys available. If you don't have any API keys yet, click the "Create API Key" button to generate one.
  4. Copy the API key to your clipboard. You will need this key to authenticate your application when accessing the ChatGPT API.

Remember to keep your API key secure and do not share it publicly. Store it in a safe location, such as a .env.local file in your project, to protect it from unauthorised access.

Installing dependencies

To interact with the ChatGPT API, install axios for making HTTP requests, and the official OpenAI library:

npm install axios

Create a .env.local file in the root directory of your project and securely store your ChatGPT API key:


Creating the chatbot component

Create a new Chatbot component by adding a file called Chatbot.js in the components directory. This component will handle user input, maintain message history, and display the conversation:

import React, { useState } from "react";
import axios from "axios";

const Chatbot = () => {
  const [userMessage, setUserMessage] = useState("");
  const [messages, setMessages] = useState([]);

  const sendMessage = async (e) => {

    setMessages([...messages, { text: userMessage, sender: "user" }]);

    const response = await"/api/chat", { message: userMessage });
    setMessages([...messages, { text:, sender: "bot" }]);

  return (
      <h1>AI-powered Chatbot</h1>
        {, index) => (
          <p key={index} className={message.sender}>
      <form onSubmit={sendMessage}>
          onChange={(e) => setUserMessage(}
        <button type="submit">Send</button>

export default Chatbot;

Creating the API route

In the pages directory, create a new folder called api and a new file called chat.js inside it. This file will define the API route for sending user messages to the ChatGPT API and receiving AI-generated responses:

mkdir pages/api
touch pages/api/chat.js

Add the following code to chat.js, which sets up the API route to communicate with the ChatGPT API and handle error scenarios:

import axios from "axios";

const chatEndpoint = "";

export default async function handler(req, res) {
  const { message } = req.body;

  try {
    const response = await
        prompt: `User: ${message}\nAI:`,
        max_tokens: 50,
        n: 1,
        stop: null,
        temperature: 1.0,
        headers: {
          "Content-Type": "application/json",
          "Authorization": `Bearer ${process.env.CHATGPT_API_KEY}`,

    const aiReply =[0].text.trim();
  } catch (error) {
    res.status(500).json({ error: "An error occurred while processing the request" });

Integrating the chatbot component

Replace the code in pages/index.js with the following to integrate the Chatbot component into your application's main page:

import Head from "next/head";
import Chatbot from "../components/Chatbot";

export default function Home() {
  return (
        <title>AI Chatbot using Next.js and ChatGPT API</title>
        <meta name="description" content="AI Chatbot using Next.js and ChatGPT API for seamless user interactions" />
        <link rel="icon" href="/favicon.ico" />
        <Chatbot />

Running the application

Start the development server to run your chatbot application:

npm run dev

Open your browser and navigate to http://localhost:3000. You should now see your AI-powered chatbot, ready to interact with users and provide intelligent responses.


By following this comprehensive guide, you have successfully built an AI-powered chatbot using Next.js and the ChatGPT API. You can now customize the appearance, behavior, and conversation flow of your chatbot to suit your specific needs. Feel free to experiment with different configurations and features to create a unique and engaging user experience that enhances customer interactions on your website or application.

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